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Intuitive Certainly

German Book Fair in Leipzig 14. - 17. March 2013
A K V Working Group of smaller Publishers in the Börsenverein des Deutschen Buchhandels

In 1905 Einstein formulated his discoveries during his activity at the Swiss Patent Agency in Bern, and his works went in into the annals of the physics.1 Innumerable authors take in the anniversary year 2005 the word about Einstein. They collect, what all can be reported about him. I join with them; however not only to report about him and to acknowledge his merits. Others will make this much better, - there I am sure - than I could do that.
Several decades long I become absorbed in his thought world, and I found out more than everywhere is discussed. Of course he had demonstrated the atomic structure of matter and the quantum nature of the light; and could win conclusions from that.2 Of course he created the Theories of Relativity. However the aim, which him - and also his conveyor Max Planck - laid more at one's heart at all; indeed to merge the entire physics to a unit,3 both did not manage. This aim is also after 100 years - and in question the Planck's quantum of energy: also after 105 years - still far away.
As one did no advances in the physical evolution without statistical methods; one had let Einstein in the prick. Meanwhile he seeks a stringent direct approach stubbornly parallel to the probability considerations. His adherence at a real run of the world event without an overvalued probability principle; this was regarded from the young generation of physicists as a old-fashioned and obsolete thinking; partial still also from physicists of today. But it obstructs the view for a homogeneous nature science. But it obstructs the view onto the aim of an unified nature science.
I contradict vigorously: The unit of the physics and all nature sciences will get only; if one returns to the clear and farsighted opinions from Einstein; chiefly to the recognition of a real world with its nature laws, which are to find out. To me are against, if one deduce, that the world itself may be only a »jumble of probabilities« because certain facts are accessible to us only about probability considerations. The thing of one hand is not the thing of the other hand. Facts which we can not decipher directly do not prove the uncertainty of the whole. Something is probable or improbable to us if we do not know it. Such relations of terms do not exist for the holistic totality. The universe is itself sure in every case, indifferent whether we conclude this from the reality of the all-nature or from the belief in God.
Einstein wanted to construct facts in thoughts in the same way how the nature; as it recommended Ernst Mach: "With the background of facts in thoughts one can spare the real experience; which … is more slightly to the hand than the real experience itself; and this background of facts in thoughts is able to replace the real experience in many relationship."
4 Einstein wrote 1947 to Max Born: I am firmly convinced from that: One will land finally with such theory which is not made from fundamental probabilities, but with such theory that generates the regularly-connected things by thinking-made facts; as it one considered until recently as natural.“5

1) Albert Einstein: „Über einen die Erzeugung und Verwandlung des Lichtes betreffenden heuristischen Gesichtspunkt“ Sechstes Heft, 6., S.132-148; „Über die von der molekularkinetischen Theorie der Wärme geforderte Bewegung von in ruhenden Flüssigkeiten suspendierten Teilchen.  Achtes Heft, 5., sites 549-560; „Zur Elektrodynamik bewegter Körper Zehntes Heft, 3., sites 891-921; Ist die Trägheit eines Körperd von seinem Energieinhalt abhängig?  Dreizehntes Heft, 13., sites 639-641
Annalen der Physik,  Vierte Folge, Band 17, DER GANZEN REIHE 322. BAND,   Begründet und fortgeführt durch F. A. C. Gren, L. W. Gilbert, J. C. Poggendorff, G. und E. Wiedemann,     Kuratorium F. Kohlrausch, M. Planck, G. Quincke, W. C. Röntgen, E. Warburg unter Mitwirkung der Deutschen Physikalischen Gesellschaft und insbesondere von M. Planck
Herausgegeben von Paul Drude, Leipzig 1905, Verlag von Johann Ambrosius Barth

2) Albert Einstein:  „Between the pure notions which had formed the physicists for themselves about the gases and other ponderable (weighable) bodies, and Maxwell’s theory of the electro-magnetic processes in the so-called empty space exists a far-reaching formal difference. During one is the situation of a body through the positions and speeds of a indeed very large, however finite number of atoms and electrons for completely certain; we need continuous spatial functions to the definition of the electro-magnetic condition of a space; therefore is a finite number of sizes for the complete definition of the electro-magnetic condition of a space insufficient. After Maxwell's theory for pure electro-magnetic phenomena - therefore also for light - is the energy to understand as a continuous space function; while the energy at a ponderable (weighable) body - after the current opinion of the physicists - is to be supposed as a finite sum over all atoms and electrons. The energy of one ponderable (weighable) body's can't become innumerable many small parts of any size; while after Maxwell's theory (or more general after every undulation theory), the energy of a ray of light from a point-shaped source can spread out onto an always increasing volume as a continuity.“             (Original German)
Ebenda Sechstes Heft, 6., site 132

3) Max Planck:  „Then, the investigation of physics can not rest, so long not has been melted together the mechanics and the electrodynamics; also with the lesson of the stationary and the beaming heat to only one united theory.“ (Original German) „Die Kultur der Gegenwart, ihre Entwicklung und ihre Ziele“, 3. Teil: Mathematik / Naturwissenschaft /   Medizin,   3. Abt: Anorganische Naturwissenschaften, 1. Bd: Physik, site 821

4) Sh. Sambursky„Der Weg der Physik - 2500 Jahre physikalisches Denken - Texte von Anaximander bis Pauli   Hutchinson&Co/ArtemisVerl. Zürich, DTV München 1978, site 609

5Brauer/Streitwolf/Werner (Hsg): „Festband zum 75. Jahrestag der Entdeckung der Planckschen Energiequanten – 75 Jahre Quantenphysik“, Teil I und II, Akademie-Verlag Berlin 1975/77, site 172

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